5th Gen Mods, DIY, Maintenance

Trail Maintenance: Driveline fluids, how and when to change them

Last Updated on

The topic of oil in vehicles is the easiest way to spark a debate on the internet in the gear head world. To be honest I am not sure how, when or why this trigger developed, but I can say that it ultimately causes a lot of confusion on which fluids to use where and when to change them.

Having done an extensive amount of research on the subject of driveline lubrication for these 4Runners, I want to share what I have found and the regimen that I follow.

Note: These are my recommendations, and ultimately you should refer to the owners manual, or your local mechanic for exact specifications to suit your individual conditions.

Parts required

Crush Washers:

  • Front axle: Toyota #90430-24003 (drain), Toyota #12157-10010 (fill)
    • 10mm hex bit socket (drain & fill)
    • Torque specs: 48 ft•lbf (drain) / 29 ft•lbf (fill)
  • Transfer case: Toyota #90430-A0003 (drain & fill)
    • 24mm 6-point socket (drain & fill)
    • Torque specs: 27 ft•lbf (drain & fill)
  • Rear axle: Toyota #12157-10010 (drain & fill)
    • 24mm 6-point socket (drain & fill)
    • Torque specs: 36 ft•lbf (drain & fill)

Gear Oil (as recommended by Toyota):

  • Front axle: Toyota Genuine differential gear oil LT 75W-85 GL-5 or equivalent
    • 1.6 / 1.5 U.S. quarts (part-time 4wd / full-time 4wd)
  • Transfer case: Toyota Genuine Transfer gear oil LF or equivalent SAE 75w
    • 1.1 / 1.5 U.S. quarts (part-time 4wd / full-time 4wd)
  • Rear axle: Toyota Genuine differential gear oil LT 75W-85 GL-5 or equivalent
    • 2.9 / 2.8 U.S. quarts (with locker / without locker)

Service intervals (as recommended by Toyota):

  • Differentials: 15,000 miles when heavily loaded, or with roof-mounted gear
  • Transfer case: 30,000 miles when driving dirty or dusty roads

Both of those intervals assume that the vehicle is under those conditions constantly. Toyota recommends that under “standard conditions” fluids be replaced as needed based on levels and color. My personal regimen is to replace all driveline fluids at 30,000 miles. This is a reasonable interval for the weekend warrior to keep their driveline healthy.

Other items for driveline service:

Differential gear oil options

Gear oil in differentials is a pretty straightforward choice. Stick with the manufacturer weights, and required additives and you’re home-free. For the 4Runner, Toyota recommends using 75w-85 GL-5 gear oil in both the front and rear differentials. Unfortunately, the options for this specific weight are limited including OEM and some third party products. For this reason, many DIYers will use a more widely available 75w-90 GL-5 gear oil as it easier to find in-store and is generally cheaper. This substitute is very heavily discussed on a number of online forums. To summarize, it’s a very popular swap and over the seemingly thousands of posts that I have read through there hasn’t been a differential failure that was pinned directly on the misuse of gear oil weights for the 4Runner. When choosing your gear oil (regardless of weight), be sure to use a full synthetic gear oil for optimal protection against wear.

Transfer case gear oil options

Here is where Toyota makes things more difficult, and where the controversy begins.

Toyota specifies their Genuine Transfer gear oil SAE 75w or equivalent as a proper fluid for the transfer case. The problem is that this weight of oil is very uncommon. So uncommon that the only 75w options available are the original OEM fluid, and Ravenol’s SAE 75w manual transmission fluid. To make things more interesting, Redline specifies that their 75w-85 is a substitute for SAE 75w weight oils (matching OEM specs). The one big caveat to these options, are that neither of them are a direct match for the OEM fluid. The reason for this is that Toyota hasn’t disclosed the formula for their 75w transfer gear oil, so third party companies haven’t been able to create an equivalent oil matching Toyota’s specs.

[Edit 12/28/2018]: Royal Purple Synchromax Manual Transmission Fluid is also recommended by Royal Purple as a suitable replacement for the Toyota Genuine Transfer gear oil. They also have a guarantee that states any defects or problems caused directly by the use of their recommended product will be covered for repair by Royal Purple.

To try to sort things out, forum members have contacted Redline directly asking for a recommendation on Toyota transfer case fluids. They consistently respond stating that they don’t have a recommendation because they don’t have access to Toyota’s specifications. In addition, the Ravenol fluid has been compared directly to the OEM fluid by submitting virgin samples to Blackstone Labs. The results showed a similar composition, however, the Toyota brand fluid contained a number of additives that supposedly are designed to help protect the specific transfer case components from excessive wear.

Why the great debate? Why not go with the Toyota fluid? The biggest factors are cost and availability. Toyota Genuine SAE 75w Transfer gear oil is notoriously hard to find, and by comparison very expensive. When asked, some dealers can’t order the fluid directly. Thankfully online distributors make purchasing the Toyota fluid easier, and a bit more affordable. Most costs range from $60 to $90 per 1 liter can, depending on shipping and source. This is much more expensive than third-party alternatives which is why many people stray from the OEM “liquid gold” when changing their fluids.

There is one more alternative to add to this mix. It’s well documented that another popular fluid replacement for the 4Runner transfer case is the easy to find 75w90 GL-5 weight gear oil. Many have used this weight with no issues that have been a direct result of improper fluid weight. I personally used Redline 75w90 in my transfer case for approximately 30 thousand miles without any negative side effects. When researching the subject keep in mind that while some will tell you on a forum thread “if you use fluid other than the Toyota specified gear oil your transfer case will blow up”, there aren’t any specific examples of a transfer case failing due to improper fluid.

The Bottom Line

Depending on your specific usage, your intervals for changing transfer case gear oil will range from approximately 30 to 60 thousand miles. For that service interval, the cost of purchasing the more expensive Toyota fluid is worth it. Knowing that it’s exactly what the transfer case needs to perform at its peak makes the initial price easier to swallow.

Plug locations

Changing your fluids

Changing gear oil in these 4Runners is a very simple process. I will run through that process first, followed by some tips for the individual housings to make the fluid change easy!

Before changing the fluids, take a 5-10 mile drive to warm up all of the fluids in the drivetrain. Warm oil is less viscous and will drain quicker and more completely.

Draining

Both axles and the transfer case have a drain plug, and a fill plug. Each one of the plugs have their own crush washer (see the beginning of the article to see which one goes where).

To drain the fluid remove the fill plug, and after placing a receptacle under the housing, remove the drain plug. Removing the fill plug first will allow the fluid to drain freely and quickly. Let the fluid fully drain.

All of the drain plugs have a magnets that collects any metallic debris in the oil. These need to be inspected for any large chunks, and wiped clean during every fluid change. Some “metallic paste” is normal to see between fluid changes, so fear not if you have some to wipe off. Reinstall the drain plug along with the appropriate crush washer and torque to spec.

Filling

The fill capacities are simply as much as the individual housing will hold before coming out of the fill hole (actual specs above). You’ll want to fill them on level ground using a hand pump and a tube to keep spills to a minimum. When fluid begins to drip out of the fill hole, give an extra couple of pumps when you remove the tube. Let the excess spill out until it stops. Reinstall the fill plug along with the appropriate crush washer and torque to spec. Clean all of your housings with a good degreaser to keep an eye on possible leaks.

Front differential tips:

  • Remove the skid plate first, providing easier access to the differential.
  • Before reinstalling the skid plate, drive for about an hour and let it sit overnight to check for potential leaks.
  • Make sure you have a few socket extensions on hand. It’s a tricky spot to work in, find the best combination based on your tools.

Transfer case tips:

  • Use an old-fashioned can opener to open your Toyota gear oil can (if chosen). One with a pointed end. Then use your hand pump to pump directly from the can.

Rear differential tips:

  • Remove the spare tire first to give you extra space while servicing the rear differential.
  • Check your stock or aftermarket differential breathers while you’re under there to make sure they’re functioning properly.

Enjoy the miles you put on your 4Runner by making sure that it’s healthy and ready for the next adventure!

Questions or Comments, leave them below!

Love the 4Runner Lifestyle?

JOIN THE COMMUNITY - FREE GEAR AND UPDATES

The latest in new 4Runner parts, products and gear. You also get a leg up on vendor specials, free gear, giveaway notifications, and more. Our newsletter is pretty much the best thing you'll ever read!

Get paid for an Install or Review

GET PAID FOR WRITING A 4RUNNER PRODUCT REVIEW OR STEP BY STEP INSTALL

Recent Posts
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
24 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Wildman
Wildman
July 9, 2020 6:32 am

I just bought a 2013 TE with 110k on it. Not sure if any driveline fluids have been changed before but the rig does show some signs of mild/mod trail use and probably some towing. Should I be changing any diff/tcase fluids at this point? I plan to use it as a DD, no towing, until at least 150k-175k before building it out. If I should change fluids will 1qt of Toyota transfer case oil be enough or is the 1.1qt a hard cutoff? It’s so expensive I’d rather not have to buy a second quart if possible. How about… Read more »

christopher alexander
christopher alexander
June 22, 2020 5:50 am

Hey Max, great write up! I just changed my front diff oil after replacing the axle and my 4wd sensors seemed to have been tripped because I’m showing the lights on the dash. Ever hear of this happening and what do you recommend?

christopher alexander
christopher alexander
June 25, 2020 12:45 pm

I now actually think it has to do with unplugging the abs wheel speed sensor because I have the abs, brake, 4wd, and traction control lights all lit up on my dash. I thought maybe the 4wd lights came on when changing diff oil, but I don’t know why that wild occur. I think it has to do with an electrical/computer situation that I have tried to troubleshoot but have not found the solution!

Matt
Matt
June 9, 2020 11:27 am

Awesome post! Found this guide that lists all the fluids and stuff needed for the entire 4runner.
https://www.toyota-4runner.org/5th-gen-t4rs/285126-beginner-fluid-maintenance.html

Dax
Dax
June 9, 2020 6:24 pm
Reply to  Matt

Good resource for sure, it would just be nice if the information was structured better over there. Kinda hard with the nature of a forum though. Not sure why some people are still writing for t4r org when everything is so much more organized on Trail4R and they pay you. I’ll always love the forum but trail is growing on me.

Christopher Robinson
Christopher Robinson
May 28, 2020 12:19 pm

Hi Max,

Read the following from your post re Rear Diff Tips: “Check your stock or aftermarket differential breathers while you’re under there to make sure they’re functioning properly.” Is this only on the rear, or both front and rear? I am really not familiar with what differential breathers are. Would you have a photo to identify it, and what is the procedure for test these?

Thank you,

Chris

bhl
bhl
May 25, 2020 11:54 am

This was awesome! I did both diffs and the transfer case at 47K miles. I would say less than 5% of my driving is in 4×4 mode (2016 Trail Edition). I found that the transfer case oil was pristine and would venture to say that I could have easily gone to 100K miles without degradation. That said the rear diff oil was filthy black and definitely needed changing. The front diff oil was about half way between the transfer case and rear diff. I went with the Redline 75W85 for all three fills. The volumes you list in the table… Read more »

Guest
Guest
April 7, 2020 9:18 am

For us crazy Canucks up north, napa carries a esso 75w oil, (exxon for you yanks) in 20L pails for about 140 cdn , which work out to what 5 bucks usd (joking only slightly) they even have have a larger size. This weight oil seems common in mining equip in colder climates. All the dealers here use it but charge the toyota 75w prices…..

Jeff Mills
Jeff Mills
April 3, 2020 11:10 am

Owner – 2015 4Runner TRD Pro. Just got off the phone with the service department at my local Toyota dealership, Cloninger Toyota, Salisbury NC. Get This! They use and recommended for me to purchase the 75W-85 GL-5 for the Transfer case. I asked them repeatedly, (Two Different Tech Service folks) if this was correct and stated the SAE 75 LF recommendation in the owners manual. They said they use the same gear oil in all three , transfer case, front diff and rear diff. Go figure….. I’m going to use Amsoil Synthetic SAE 75W-90, API-GL5 Gear Lube in all of… Read more »

Matthew W Rebbert
Matthew W Rebbert
November 4, 2019 8:08 am

How many liters of the LF 75 transfer case oil did you use? I see 1.1 to 1.5 quarts which seems like I need a can and a half of that “liquid gold”. I have the 2017 Limited which is full time 4wd.

Don Love
Don Love
November 4, 2019 8:22 am

I used 1.1

william strumfels
william strumfels
October 20, 2019 3:08 pm

Hears my two cents about transfer case oil..I bought a brand new 2011 4runner Trail back in 2011 and changed the transfer oil to Amsoil 75w/90 weight before I had 500 miles on it and at traded it in time with 115,000 miles for a 2019 Trail and had zero problems, or did I…Hears what I think I learned …Over the years the 2011 was hard to get in to low range,I just thought that’s the way it was and I hardly ever used low range so no big deal.But jump ahead to my new 2019 it snaps right in… Read more »

Mike
Mike
February 5, 2019 9:32 pm

Great write up! Just a heads up, you have the sockets needed and torque specs reversed for the differentials in the “Parts Required” section. Great trip reports and how-to’s as always.

Don Love
Don Love
December 27, 2018 10:57 am

Royal Purple claims that their Synchromax Manual Transmission fluid is a direct replacement for the Toyota Type LF fluid used in the transfer case. They show it on their website and in the FAQ section as being a compatible fluid. I have used it for years in my Tacoma transfer case and plan on using it in my new 4Runner. From my research the issue is there are soft metal bushings in the Toyota transfer case that may become damaged over time if using a fluid with high phosphate content. Synchromax is significantly less expensive than they OEM fluid and… Read more »

Start typing and press Enter to search

24
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x

GET 20% OFF!

Get Up to 20% Off the Trail 4Runner Store!
Your Email
Our content is pretty fire! We will never spam your inbox or sell your data.
Falcon Shocks Suspension for 5th Gen Toyota 4RunnerHeadlight Moisture