DIY 4 Tire Inflation & Deflation System
DIY 4-Tire Inflator and Deflator Off-Road System
Off-Road Tire Inflation and Deflation with a four-tire deflator System
When hitting the trails, you want lower tire pressure in order to maximize traction and help smooth out some of the rougher patches.
When your tires are at full PSI, you are going to have a rough ride and less traction off-road. How low you go depends on your particular tires, wheels, and suspension set up. I have a 2015 Toyota 4Runner Trail edition with KO2s and keep them at 40 PSI for every day driving.
Airing Down for Off-Road
When off-road, I will typically go down to 20 PSI but I have gone down as low as 15 PSI. I have seen articles that suggest going down a little further (10-12 PSI) is acceptable, but I have not gone below 15 PSI.
There is a risk when going too low in that most wheels do not have a bead lock. Going too low can break a tires bead lock, damage the tire or damage the wheel itself. Short story – don’t go down too low.
Airing up for On-Road
Once you’re off the trail and back on pavement, it’s also very critical to get back up to standard tire pressure as soon as possible.
Not only can you cause excessive wear running underinflated on the pavement, but your handling will suffer, and you can cause damage to several parts of your truck including the tires.
That means you either have an onboard air compressor or you know where the nearest gas station is located and hope it has air available.
Onboard air compressor
I have mounted a Viair 450 p (model number 45043) that is rated for continuous service but with a low cubic feet per minute rating for air flow: 1.8 CMF. Compare that to the 6.16 you will see with the dual ARB compressor.
The unit is portable, and I used a set of wing nuts to keep it in place behind my seats and in front of my drawers. I have it connected to my house battery with a 30 amp fuse. I can easily take it out to use in another car or reduce weight when I don’t need it.
The compressor is in such a convenient spot and easily accessible that I have kept it in the 4Runner from the start. It comes with an air chuck, gauge and an air hose that extends around the 4Runner. I’ve had no issues with it, but there are several great compressors out there that offer continuous service.
I mentioned earlier that this particular unit has a low CFM (Cubic Feet Per Minute) that’s the trade-off for continuous service according to Viair. I have not seen any major issue with the low CFM but it certainly does take time to inflate all 4 tires. Most of the time is spent on connecting and disconnecting the 4 individual tires.
DIY 4-way inflator/deflator
That’s where a 4-way inflator/deflator can help.
There are a few products out there that can inflate and deflate all 4 of your tires at the same time.
I’ve seen products on Amazon, Harbor Freight and other plug-n-play inflation/deflation kits, but while working on another air compressor project, I had leftover spare parts and wanted to build it myself.
I don’t think I saved a lot of money doing this myself since you can find a product for less than $100, but I’ve added a few features that makes my version a little more productive.
- 2x 25 foot ¼ inch air hose (Husky Polyurethane air hose)
- 4x Standard Bore Lock-On Air Chuck – Check Price
- 2x ¼ inch Brass hose Barb Y Manifold Fitting – Check Price
- 1x ¼ inch NPT Female/FPT x 4 Way Cross Intersection Brass Fitting – Check Price
- 1x (0-60 PSI) Tire Pressure Gauge – Check Price
- 1x ¼ inch MNPT Male Tank Valve (Schrader Valve) – Check Price
- 1x Husky T Connector
- 1x Husky shut off valve
- 1x ¼ inch quick connect coupler Male
- 1x Viair 450p air compressor – Check Price
- Several single ear hose clamps for each barb connection
- Plumbers tape to seal threaded connections
4-way inflator/deflator Overview
The kit uses 2 x 25-foot long ¼ inch Husky Air hoses. For the 4Runner, you will have a little left-over hose, but not much. I used 2 x 25-foot sections instead of one 50 foot section to utilize the 4 pre-crimped ends with hard rubber end protectors.
I decided to use 1/4″ hose and 1/4″ connectors all around – mostly because I had a lot of 1/4″ leftover supplies. I’ve seen articles that talk about using 3/8 inch hose to improve CFM but that would mean I would need to use 3/8 inch connectors all around to see that benefit.
All the hardware connects with 1/4″ inch hose barbs or a standard 1/4″ NPT (National Pipe Thread) threaded connectors. I connected the barb connectors using single ear hose clamps.
4-way brass fitting with air gauge
The heart of the system centers on a basic 4-way brass fitting with an air gauge going up to 60 psi on top. The two main sections of the air hoses are connected with a brass T compressed air fitting from Husky. On one side I’ve installed a standard Schrader valve and on the other, a 1/4″ quick connect coupler with an in-line shut-off valve.
To deflate all 4 tires at the same time, I open the valve while keeping an eye on the pressure gauge. All 4 tires will deflate quickly and wind up at the same psi. This eliminates the need of a quick deflator that removes the Schrader valve stem.
Note: you should close the shut-off valve to stop the air flow to check for accurate pressure.
To inflate all 4 tires, I have a choice between the Schrader valve to use any standard tire air inflator or a 1/4″ quick connect air hose coupler to connect directly to my compressor.
I have not seen this on other kits and find the option very useful. It’s the main reason I opted to build the kit myself. I tried to use a couple of different automatic pressure regulators but found them either too hard to adjust or never as accurate as I would have liked.
Given that and the added cost of a regulator, I decided against using one. I find it’s easy enough to keep an eye on the pressure gauge while inflating. I can quickly close the shut-off valve if I’m using the coupler or stop the airflow if using a standard air chuck. All 4 tires will have the same PSI. The complete system rolls up into a compact package for easy storage.
Standard bore lock-on air chucks
At the end of each section, standard bore lock-on air chucks are threaded on that fits a standard Schrader valve found on most tires. I found these chucks on Amazon and liked their features – easy to lock by pushing the collar on the valve, and easy to remove by pulling on the collar. Once locked, these chucks have 3 points to grab onto the valve making for a secure connection. They are a little pricey but a great product. There are plenty of effective alternatives to help costs.
Brass T compressed air fitting
Milton Male Tank Valve (Schrader Valve)
Quick connect coupler
Final 4-Tire Inflator and Deflator
Some final points
With the shut-off valve in the closed positing, the kit is air-tight. I can attach and detach one tire at a time and not affect the remaining connected tires. Deflating all 4 tires at the same time is very fast.
Tire inflation will also take less time since you don’t have to connect and disconnect the air chuck to move it from one tire to the other, however, the CFM capacity of the compressor will ultimately determine how long it will take to inflate all 4 tires.
I find the 4-way tire inflator/deflator kit very easy to use and set up. Putting it away requires a little effort but all worth it to save some time. The kit requires very little maintenance – just keep the chucks clean and free of any obstructions. Try not to kink those and keep it away from a heat source like an exhaust pipe.
As always, please let me know if you have any questions or comments.
Happy Trails! Sensei Dad (Gus)